Factors influencing the implementation of building automation systems in commercial property

At a glance:

  • Discover the factors that shape the implementation of building automation systems in commercial properties.
  • Unlocking the potential of commercial real estate across Australia.
  • Read on to discover how to overcome these obstacles and maximise the benefits of automation in your building.

As technological advancements continue to shape the real estate industry, building automation systems have emerged as a popular solution to enhance efficiency, reduce energy costs, and improve occupant comfort. However, the implementation of these systems can be challenging and requires careful consideration of various factors. From budget constraints to interoperability issues, this post explores the key factors influencing the implementation of building automation systems in commercial properties.

Factors influencing the implementation of building automation systems

Building owners wanting to implement a building automation system (BAS) need to consider several crucial factors.

  • Legacy buildings equipped with limited information systems require retrofitting, which can be a significant investment.
  • Choosing a user-friendly interface with a modern visual data overlay helps managers identify inefficiencies better.
  • Reliable data transfer and storage, standardised communication protocols, and best practices such as defining life cycles and establishing metrics increase cost savings and productivity in the long run.

Building Type and Function

Different buildings will have varying needs and priorities when it comes to automation. For example, a hospital may require more advanced systems for monitoring air quality and access control, while a retail space may focus more on lighting and temperature control for customer comfort. Understanding the specific requirements of a building and its occupants is key to selecting the right automation system.

Building Age and Condition

Building age and condition have a significant impact on the implementation of building automation systems. Older buildings may require more retrofitting to accommodate automation technology, which could lead to higher costs. Additionally, the condition of the building’s infrastructure and systems may affect the efficiency and effectiveness of the automation system. However, retrofitting can also improve the performance of older buildings and increase their value. Thus, building age and condition should be carefully considered when planning for building automation systems.

Geographic Location and Climate

Geographic location and climate play a crucial role in the implementation of building automation systems. For example, a commercial property located in a hot and humid climate may prioritise the control of air conditioning systems to ensure occupant comfort. Similarly, a property located in an area with variable weather patterns may require more specialised sensors and controllers to monitor and adjust building systems effectively. Building owners and managers must take these factors into consideration when selecting and implementing a building automation system to ensure optimal performance.

Local Regulations and Codes

There are often specific requirements and guidelines in place that need to be followed to ensure that the BAS is compliant with local safety and environmental regulations. Failure to adhere to these regulations can result in penalties and fines, making it imperative for property owners and managers to stay up-to-date with local codes and requirements. Additionally, compliance with local regulations and codes can improve building safety and energy efficiency, leading to cost savings and a better reputation for the property.

Integration with Other Building Systems

Integrating building automation systems with other building systems, such as HVAC, lighting, and security systems, is crucial for optimal functionality. This integration allows for coordinated and synchronised control of all systems, resulting in improved energy efficiency, enhanced occupant comfort, and increased overall building performance. Moreover, it simplifies monitoring, maintenance, and troubleshooting, reducing downtime and potential disruptions. Therefore, building owners and facility managers need to ensure that their building automation systems are well-integrated with all other building systems.

Human Factors

According to research, factors such as effective, ongoing training for the existing and new operations personnel, availability of service maintenance, and occupant interactions with the surrounding environment are significant parameters that affect BAS performance. Additionally, building energy use is an important indicator of its performance and can be monitored and managed by BAS. It is important to consider these factors to optimise the technical performance of BAS and create a productive, cost-effective, and environmentally-approved environment for building occupants.

Cost and Budget

When considering the implementation of a building automation system, cost and budget are important factors to evaluate. An open, non-proprietary BMS platform can result in a higher ROI and enable facilities to aggregate and analyse data for performance improvements. The BMS cost per m2 typically ranges from $2.50 to $7.50 and can be influenced by factors such as whether it’s a new system in an older building or an upgrade from a legacy system. Upgrading a legacy system can also reduce operating costs and increase upgrade options. Financial and budgetary decisions should consider the hidden costs of operating and maintaining a BMS.


Implementing building automation systems in commercial real estate is a strategic decision that can significantly impact energy efficiency, occupant comfort, and overall building performance. However, several factors come into play when considering the implementation of these systems. From building type and age to geographic location and budget constraints, each factor requires careful consideration to maximise the benefits of automation.

By understanding the specific requirements of a building and its occupants, property owners and managers can select the right automation system that aligns with their goals.

Related Articles

Back to top button